org.apache.xml.utils
Class DOMHelper

java.lang.Object
  |
  +--org.apache.xml.utils.DOMHelper
Direct Known Subclasses:
DOM2Helper

Deprecated. Since the introduction of the DTM, this class will be removed. This class provides a front-end to DOM implementations, providing a number of utility functions that either aren't yet standardized by the DOM spec or that are defined in optional DOM modules and hence may not be present in all DOMs.

public class DOMHelper
extends java.lang.Object


Constructor Summary
DOMHelper()
          Deprecated.  
 
Method Summary
static Document createDocument()
          Deprecated. DOM Level 1 did not have a standard mechanism for creating a new Document object.
static Document createDocument(boolean isSecureProcessing)
          Deprecated. DOM Level 1 did not have a standard mechanism for creating a new Document object.
 Document getDOMFactory()
          Deprecated. Retrieve the factory object required to create DOM nodes in the result tree.
 Element getElementByID(java.lang.String id, Document doc)
          Deprecated. Given an ID, return the element.
 java.lang.String getExpandedAttributeName(Attr attr)
          Deprecated. Returns the attribute name with the namespace prefix (if any) replaced by the Namespace URI it was bound to.
 java.lang.String getExpandedElementName(Element elem)
          Deprecated. Returns the element name with the namespace prefix (if any) replaced by the Namespace URI it was bound to.
 short getLevel(Node n)
          Deprecated. Get the depth level of this node in the tree (equals 1 for a parentless node).
 java.lang.String getLocalNameOfNode(Node n)
          Deprecated. Returns the local name of the given node.
 java.lang.String getNamespaceForPrefix(java.lang.String prefix, Element namespaceContext)
          Deprecated. Given an XML Namespace prefix and a context in which the prefix is to be evaluated, return the Namespace Name this prefix was bound to.
 java.lang.String getNamespaceOfNode(Node n)
          Deprecated. Returns the namespace of the given node.
static java.lang.String getNodeData(Node node)
          Deprecated. Get the textual contents of the node.
static void getNodeData(Node node, FastStringBuffer buf)
          Deprecated. Retrieve the text content of a DOM subtree, appending it into a user-supplied FastStringBuffer object.
static Node getParentOfNode(Node node)
          Deprecated. Obtain the XPath-model parent of a DOM node -- ownerElement for Attrs, parent for other nodes.
 Node getRoot(Node node)
          Deprecated.  
 Node getRootNode(Node n)
          Deprecated. Get the root node of the document tree, regardless of whether or not the node passed in is a document node.
 java.lang.String getUniqueID(Node node)
          Deprecated. Supports the XPath function GenerateID by returning a unique identifier string for any given DOM Node.
 java.lang.String getUnparsedEntityURI(java.lang.String name, Document doc)
          Deprecated. The getUnparsedEntityURI function returns the URI of the unparsed entity with the specified name in the same document as the context node (see [3.3 Unparsed Entities]).
 boolean isIgnorableWhitespace(Text node)
          Deprecated.  
 boolean isNamespaceNode(Node n)
          Deprecated. Test whether the given node is a namespace decl node.
static boolean isNodeAfter(Node node1, Node node2)
          Deprecated. Figure out whether node2 should be considered as being later in the document than node1, in Document Order as defined by the XPath model.
static boolean isNodeTheSame(Node node1, Node node2)
          Deprecated. Use DTMNodeProxy to determine whether two nodes are the same.
 void setDOMFactory(Document domFactory)
          Deprecated. Store the factory object required to create DOM nodes in the result tree.
 boolean shouldStripSourceNode(Node textNode)
          Deprecated. Tells, through the combination of the default-space attribute on xsl:stylesheet, xsl:strip-space, xsl:preserve-space, and the xml:space attribute, whether or not extra whitespace should be stripped from the node.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
equals, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

DOMHelper

public DOMHelper()
Deprecated. 
Method Detail

createDocument

public static Document createDocument(boolean isSecureProcessing)
Deprecated. 
DOM Level 1 did not have a standard mechanism for creating a new Document object. This function provides a DOM-implementation-independent abstraction for that for that concept. It's typically used when outputting a new DOM as the result of an operation.

TODO: This isn't directly compatable with DOM Level 2. The Level 2 createDocument call also creates the root element, and thus requires that you know what that element will be before creating the Document. We should think about whether we want to change this code, and the callers, so we can use the DOM's own method. (It's also possible that DOM Level 3 may relax this sequence, but you may give up some intelligence in the DOM by doing so; the intent was that knowing the document type and root element might let the DOM automatically switch to a specialized subclass for particular kinds of documents.)

Parameters:
isSecureProcessing - state of the secure processing feature.
Returns:
The newly created DOM Document object, with no children, or null if we can't find a DOM implementation that permits creating new empty Documents.

createDocument

public static Document createDocument()
Deprecated. 
DOM Level 1 did not have a standard mechanism for creating a new Document object. This function provides a DOM-implementation-independent abstraction for that for that concept. It's typically used when outputting a new DOM as the result of an operation.
Returns:
The newly created DOM Document object, with no children, or null if we can't find a DOM implementation that permits creating new empty Documents.

shouldStripSourceNode

public boolean shouldStripSourceNode(Node textNode)
                              throws TransformerException
Deprecated. 
Tells, through the combination of the default-space attribute on xsl:stylesheet, xsl:strip-space, xsl:preserve-space, and the xml:space attribute, whether or not extra whitespace should be stripped from the node. Literal elements from template elements should not be tested with this function.
Parameters:
textNode - A text node from the source tree.
Returns:
true if the text node should be stripped of extra whitespace.
Throws:
TransformerException -  
Usage:
**For advanced use only**

getUniqueID

public java.lang.String getUniqueID(Node node)
Deprecated. 
Supports the XPath function GenerateID by returning a unique identifier string for any given DOM Node.

Warning: The base implementation uses the Node object's hashCode(), which is NOT guaranteed to be unique. If that method hasn't been overridden in this DOM ipmlementation, most Java implementions will derive it from the object's address and should be OK... but if your DOM uses a different definition of hashCode (eg hashing the contents of the subtree), or if your DOM may have multiple objects that represent a single Node in the data structure (eg via proxying), you may need to find another way to assign a unique identifier.

Also, be aware that if nodes are destroyed and recreated, there is an open issue regarding whether an ID may be reused. Currently we're assuming that the input document is stable for the duration of the XPath/XSLT operation, so this shouldn't arise in this context.

(DOM Level 3 is investigating providing a unique node "key", but that won't help Level 1 and Level 2 implementations.)

Parameters:
node - whose identifier you want to obtain
Returns:
a string which should be different for every Node object.

isNodeAfter

public static boolean isNodeAfter(Node node1,
                                  Node node2)
Deprecated. 
Figure out whether node2 should be considered as being later in the document than node1, in Document Order as defined by the XPath model. This may not agree with the ordering defined by other XML applications.

There are some cases where ordering isn't defined, and neither are the results of this function -- though we'll generally return true. TODO: Make sure this does the right thing with attribute nodes!!!

Parameters:
node1 - DOM Node to perform position comparison on.
node2 - DOM Node to perform position comparison on .
Returns:
false if node2 comes before node1, otherwise return true. You can think of this as (node1.documentOrderPosition <= node2.documentOrderPosition).

isNodeTheSame

public static boolean isNodeTheSame(Node node1,
                                    Node node2)
Deprecated. 
Use DTMNodeProxy to determine whether two nodes are the same.
Parameters:
node1 - The first DOM node to compare.
node2 - The second DOM node to compare.
Returns:
true if the two nodes are the same.

getLevel

public short getLevel(Node n)
Deprecated. 
Get the depth level of this node in the tree (equals 1 for a parentless node).
Parameters:
n - Node to be examined.
Returns:
the number of ancestors, plus one
Usage:
**For internal use only**

getNamespaceForPrefix

public java.lang.String getNamespaceForPrefix(java.lang.String prefix,
                                              Element namespaceContext)
Deprecated. 
Given an XML Namespace prefix and a context in which the prefix is to be evaluated, return the Namespace Name this prefix was bound to. Note that DOM Level 3 is expected to provide a version of this which deals with the DOM's "early binding" behavior. Default handling:
Parameters:
prefix - String containing namespace prefix to be resolved, without the ':' which separates it from the localname when used in a Node Name. The empty sting signifies the default namespace at this point in the document.
namespaceContext - Element which provides context for resolution. (We could extend this to work for other nodes by first seeking their nearest Element ancestor.)
Returns:
a String containing the Namespace URI which this prefix represents in the specified context.

getNamespaceOfNode

public java.lang.String getNamespaceOfNode(Node n)
Deprecated. 
Returns the namespace of the given node. Differs from simply getting the node's prefix and using getNamespaceForPrefix in that it attempts to cache some of the data in NSINFO objects, to avoid repeated lookup. TODO: Should we consider moving that logic into getNamespaceForPrefix?
Parameters:
n - Node to be examined.
Returns:
String containing the Namespace Name (uri) for this node. Note that this is undefined for any nodes other than Elements and Attributes.

getLocalNameOfNode

public java.lang.String getLocalNameOfNode(Node n)
Deprecated. 
Returns the local name of the given node. If the node's name begins with a namespace prefix, this is the part after the colon; otherwise it's the full node name.
Parameters:
n - the node to be examined.
Returns:
String containing the Local Name

getExpandedElementName

public java.lang.String getExpandedElementName(Element elem)
Deprecated. 
Returns the element name with the namespace prefix (if any) replaced by the Namespace URI it was bound to. This is not a standard representation of a node name, but it allows convenient single-string comparison of the "universal" names of two nodes.
Parameters:
elem - Element to be examined.
Returns:
String in the form "namespaceURI:localname" if the node belongs to a namespace, or simply "localname" if it doesn't.
See Also:
getExpandedAttributeName(org.w3c.dom.Attr)

getExpandedAttributeName

public java.lang.String getExpandedAttributeName(Attr attr)
Deprecated. 
Returns the attribute name with the namespace prefix (if any) replaced by the Namespace URI it was bound to. This is not a standard representation of a node name, but it allows convenient single-string comparison of the "universal" names of two nodes.
Parameters:
attr - Attr to be examined
Returns:
String in the form "namespaceURI:localname" if the node belongs to a namespace, or simply "localname" if it doesn't.
See Also:
getExpandedElementName(org.w3c.dom.Element)

isIgnorableWhitespace

public boolean isIgnorableWhitespace(Text node)
Deprecated.  
Tell if the node is ignorable whitespace. Note that this can be determined only in the context of a DTD or other Schema, and that DOM Level 2 has nostandardized DOM API which can return that information.
Parameters:
node - Node to be examined
Returns:
CURRENTLY HARDCODED TO FALSE, but should return true if and only if the node is of type Text, contains only whitespace, and does not appear as part of the #PCDATA content of an element. (Note that determining this last may require allowing for Entity References.)

getRoot

public Node getRoot(Node node)
Deprecated.  
Get the first unparented node in the ancestor chain.
Parameters:
node - Starting node, to specify which chain to chase
Returns:
the topmost ancestor.

getRootNode

public Node getRootNode(Node n)
Deprecated. 
Get the root node of the document tree, regardless of whether or not the node passed in is a document node.

TODO: This doesn't handle DocumentFragments or "orphaned" subtrees -- it's currently returning ownerDocument even when the tree is not actually part of the main Document tree. We should either rewrite the description to say that it finds the Document node, or change the code to walk up the ancestor chain.

Parameters:
n - Node to be examined
Returns:
the Document node. Note that this is not the correct answer if n was (or was a child of) a DocumentFragment or an orphaned node, as can arise if the DOM has been edited rather than being generated by a parser.

isNamespaceNode

public boolean isNamespaceNode(Node n)
Deprecated. 
Test whether the given node is a namespace decl node. In DOM Level 2 this can be done in a namespace-aware manner, but in Level 1 DOMs it has to be done by testing the node name.
Parameters:
n - Node to be examined.
Returns:
boolean -- true iff the node is an Attr whose name is "xmlns" or has the "xmlns:" prefix.

getParentOfNode

public static Node getParentOfNode(Node node)
                            throws java.lang.RuntimeException
Deprecated. 
Obtain the XPath-model parent of a DOM node -- ownerElement for Attrs, parent for other nodes.

Background: The DOM believes that you must be your Parent's Child, and thus Attrs don't have parents. XPath said that Attrs do have their owning Element as their parent. This function bridges the difference, either by using the DOM Level 2 ownerElement function or by using a "silly and expensive function" in Level 1 DOMs.

(There's some discussion of future DOMs generalizing ownerElement into ownerNode and making it work on all types of nodes. This still wouldn't help the users of Level 1 or Level 2 DOMs)

Parameters:
node - Node whose XPath parent we want to obtain
Returns:
the parent of the node, or the ownerElement if it's an Attr node, or null if the node is an orphan.
Throws:
java.lang.RuntimeException - if the Document has no root element. This can't arise if the Document was created via the DOM Level 2 factory methods, but is possible if other mechanisms were used to obtain it

getElementByID

public Element getElementByID(java.lang.String id,
                              Document doc)
Deprecated. 
Given an ID, return the element. This can work only if the document is interpreted in the context of a DTD or Schema, since otherwise we don't know which attributes are or aren't IDs.

Note that DOM Level 1 had no ability to retrieve this information. DOM Level 2 introduced it but does not promise that it will be supported in all DOMs; those which can't support it will always return null.

TODO: getElementByID is currently unimplemented. Support DOM Level 2?

Parameters:
id - The unique identifier to be searched for.
doc - The document to search within.
Returns:
CURRENTLY HARDCODED TO NULL, but it should be: The node which has this unique identifier, or null if there is no such node or this DOM can't reliably recognize it.

getUnparsedEntityURI

public java.lang.String getUnparsedEntityURI(java.lang.String name,
                                             Document doc)
Deprecated. 
The getUnparsedEntityURI function returns the URI of the unparsed entity with the specified name in the same document as the context node (see [3.3 Unparsed Entities]). It returns the empty string if there is no such entity.

XML processors may choose to use the System Identifier (if one is provided) to resolve the entity, rather than the URI in the Public Identifier. The details are dependent on the processor, and we would have to support some form of plug-in resolver to handle this properly. Currently, we simply return the System Identifier if present, and hope that it a usable URI or that our caller can map it to one. TODO: Resolve Public Identifiers... or consider changing function name.

If we find a relative URI reference, XML expects it to be resolved in terms of the base URI of the document. The DOM doesn't do that for us, and it isn't entirely clear whether that should be done here; currently that's pushed up to a higher levelof our application. (Note that DOM Level 1 didn't store the document's base URI.) TODO: Consider resolving Relative URIs.

(The DOM's statement that "An XML processor may choose to completely expand entities before the structure model is passed to the DOM" refers only to parsed entities, not unparsed, and hence doesn't affect this function.)

Parameters:
name - A string containing the Entity Name of the unparsed entity.
doc - Document node for the document to be searched.
Returns:
String containing the URI of the Unparsed Entity, or an empty string if no such entity exists.

setDOMFactory

public void setDOMFactory(Document domFactory)
Deprecated. 
Store the factory object required to create DOM nodes in the result tree. In fact, that's just the result tree's Document node...
Parameters:
domFactory - The DOM Document Node within whose context the result tree will be built.

getDOMFactory

public Document getDOMFactory()
Deprecated. 
Retrieve the factory object required to create DOM nodes in the result tree.
Returns:
The result tree's DOM Document Node.

getNodeData

public static java.lang.String getNodeData(Node node)
Deprecated. 
Get the textual contents of the node. See getNodeData(Node,FastStringBuffer) for discussion of how whitespace nodes are handled.
Parameters:
node - DOM Node to be examined
Returns:
String containing a concatenation of all the textual content within that node.
See Also:
getNodeData(Node,FastStringBuffer)

getNodeData

public static void getNodeData(Node node,
                               FastStringBuffer buf)
Deprecated. 
Retrieve the text content of a DOM subtree, appending it into a user-supplied FastStringBuffer object. Note that attributes are not considered part of the content of an element.

There are open questions regarding whitespace stripping. Currently we make no special effort in that regard, since the standard DOM doesn't yet provide DTD-based information to distinguish whitespace-in-element-context from genuine #PCDATA. Note that we should probably also consider xml:space if/when we address this. DOM Level 3 may solve the problem for us.

Parameters:
node - Node whose subtree is to be walked, gathering the contents of all Text or CDATASection nodes.
buf - FastStringBuffer into which the contents of the text nodes are to be concatenated.


Copyright 2006 Apache XML Project. All Rights Reserved.